147 items (100 per page)

  • Jalmenus evagoras evagoras Common Imperial Blue Imperial Hairstreak

    23 Mar 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This observation features just one tree which accommodated every stage of the life-cycle of the common imperial blue or imperial hairstreak butterfly. Pic 1 shows a male butterfly resting beside a pupa. Pic 2 shows a cluster of pale blue-grey eggs with fascinating spikey outer coverings (see reference link in notes). The caterpillar in pic 3 had small horn-like tubercles along the dorsal aspect of the body. Pic 4 shows a cluster of glossy dark pupae and pic 5 shows the exuviae. Pic 6 is that of an adult. Every stage of this butterfly was attended by hoards of ants (Iridomyrmex ). They were running around all over the tree , clustering in large numbers around the pupae. There were ants around the eggs and caterpillar. Another interesting feature was the fine webbing around the eggs and the pupae. Spotted on a black wattle tree (Acacia mearnsii) near wetlands at a retarding basin.


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  Leuba, What a wonderful natural history!

      Reply • 24 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you David. Amazed to see them all on the one tree. They seem to love that tree !

        Reply • 30 Mar 2015

  • Poranthera microphylla s.s. Small Poranthera

    02 Jan 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Herbaceous plant about 5 cm tall with erect stems bearing clusters of small white flowers. Leaves were elongated egg-shaped, some small and some large. The plant had bright green loculated fruit.


    Star     Comment    

    1. Leuba Ridgway  Thank you for editing the ID Russell. Not knowing which one to go for, I was hoping someone would correct me. Thanks again.

      Reply • 21 Mar 2015

  • Sericopimpla australis

    09 Feb 2015-37.9,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    This small wasp ( a case-moth larvae parasite wasp) was about 10 mm long and very active. The narrow abdomen had thin white bands and a moderate size ovipositor. Head, antennae and thorax were black. The hind legs had black and white markings while the other legs were a pale yellow. Spotted actively searching low plants (in this case the bumblebee weed) in a riparian area.


  • Linum trigynum French Flax

    02 Feb 2015-38.0,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    An erect plant about a foot high with thin dichotomous branches. The flowers were very small, about 5 mm wide with bright yellow petals. Leaves were small, lanceolate and some had indented margins. Spotted growing amongst other vegetation like dandelion, sorrel and grass by a walking track, in a national park. It was difficult to see this plant separate to the others growing in the area but the bright yellow flowers looked like little stars suspended amongst tall grass.


  • Anthrax dolabratus

    04 Mar 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This beefly had a wingspan of about 15 mm. The basal part of the wings were black and this ended in a smooth wavy line. The rest of the wings were clear. Head, thorax and abdomen were black. The abdomen had a soft velvety look and was truncated with the rear end covered with pale setae. Spotted in a suburban garden.


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  Hi Leuba, Anthrax dolabratus added. An interesting species with its black and clear wings.

      Reply • 20 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you David. I think bee flies are so interesting.

        Reply • 21 Mar 2015

  • Maratus pavonis Peacock Jumping Spider Peacock Spider

    06 Nov 2014-38.0,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    This very attractive jumping spider was only about 6 mm long. It looked like two blobs of yellowish-orange but a closer look revealed a spider with a black cepahalothorax with an ochre colored anterior part and three thin white lines, one in the middle and two laterally placed. The abdomen had two bright orange "c"-shaped patterns facing each other with a central orange patch. All this on a background of very pale teal. The third pair of legs seemed to have dense white setae on the tarsi. The four eyes in the front were a deep green. The palps were white. Spotted on black wattle in a reservoir park.


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  A stunning little spider we all hope to see. Not easy to photograph as it is so small. You did well to capture it from all angles.

      Reply • 14 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you David. I did not know he was so special until I had a look at the photos later and heard by husband (Mark's) groan of envy ! You are right about being difficult to capture - very active and wary.

        Reply • 15 Mar 2015

  • Servaea incana

    09 Mar 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    A very hairy but attractive jumping spider about 100 mm long. The dorsal aspect of the abdomen had reddish brown pattern with an inverted "Y" in black. Legs were hairy and banded. Spotted on a eucalyptus tree trunk in a park.


    Star     Comment    

    1. Suzanne Jones  Hi Leuba. Just wondered if you think this observation is also of Servaea incana - http://natureshare.org.au/observations/540aa1e9e35eb1ebc90000b1?collection_id=5409a9d0e35eb1831b000095

      Reply • 10 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  It has all the features of S.incana - Yes, I believe it is. My husband (Mark) agrees as well.

        Reply • 10 Mar 2015

        • Suzanne Jones  Thanks Leuba and Mark. I will add the name to this observation as well.

          Reply • 11 Mar 2015

    2. Chris Lindorff  Hi Leuba. This name is now in the database. Cheers.

      Reply • 10 Mar 2015

  • Hypolaena fastigiata Tassel Rope-rush

    14 Nov 2014-38.1,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    The female of a "Tassel Rope-rush" plant. Wiry tough clumps of blue green stems that were mostly prostrate with some branches standing erect up to about 50 cm. no leaves were seen but the branches had nodes with brownish bracts. Terminal flower heads seemed to have what looked like layered bracts with narrow brown flowers. Male plants nearby.


  • Hypolaena fastigiata Tassel Rope-rush

    14 Nov 2014-38.1,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Commonly called "Tassel Rope-rush", this plant was growing in a clump and would have been about a foot tall stretched out. The clumps formed mats of wiry branclets that were thick and striated (pic 2). At the nodes were what looked like brown leafy bracts. The attractive branched inflorescence looked like clumps of bracts that were coppery, plump and ovoid. There were no sign of "normal" leaves. Several plants growing together gave the appearance of a tangled mat. These plants are Dioecious and this one had male flowers. Spotted in a sclerophyll bush - part of the Cranbourne Botanical Gardens. Soil might have been a little sandy.


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  Hi Leuba, Hypolaena grandiuscula is native to WA. Is it Hypolaena fastigiata - the only Victorian species? (already in the database)

      Reply • 08 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thanks David. H.fastigiata is what I had it as, at first. Thought I was wrong and changed it. Thanks so much for the info.

        Reply • 08 Mar 2015

  • Thelymitra ixioides s.l. Spotted Sun-orchid

    30 Oct 2014-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Tall plant with beautiful blue flowers with purplish tinge ot the outer surface of sepals. Yellow pollinia was visible at the tip of the column. Stigmatic surface showed a dense tuft of white hairs. Leaves were erect and narrow ( not seen here). Spotted in semi-shade in a reserve with eucalypts and natives - dry sclerophyll forest. The flowers bloom in October and November.


    Star     Comment    

    1. Chris Lindorff  Hi Leuba. This species is not part of the pauciflora complex, but rather appears to be T. ixioides or possibly the hybrid named T. truncata.

      Reply • 07 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you for the information Chris. I have spotted T.ixioides in the same area but it had dark spots. Is this a variant / or should I leave it at the genus level? Please advise. Thanks again.

        Reply • 07 Mar 2015

    2. Chris Lindorff  It can be variably spotted or even spotless. The character to concentrate on is the column, whereby here the column mid lobe has numerous sausage like glands. Hybrids of ixioides make it hard sometimes. With this one, I would go with ixioides. There a faint spots which are never present in pauciflora or nuda groups. Cheers.

      Reply • 07 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you for the clarification Chris. I see some faint spots on at least one petal !!

        Reply • 08 Mar 2015

  • Andrenosoma queenslandi

    17 Feb 2015-38.2,145.2Leuba Ridgway

    This black robber fly was about 15 mm long. The thorax was flat along the midline and symmetrically lumpy on either side. Eyes were large and facing upwards. Stiff white bristles seen between the eyes and on the face. Legs also had stiff white setae. Wings were dark and folded over the abdomen which had white spots on the lateral aspects of some of the tergites. Spotted flying around dried logs ( Langwarrin Flora & Fauna Reserve). Synonym: Laphria maura


    Star     Comment    

    1. Chris Lindorff  Hi Leuba. The name has now been added. Cheers. Chris.

      Reply • 06 Mar 2015

    2. David Francis  Was this identified from brisbaneinsects? http://www.brisbaneinsects.com/brisbane_robberflies/BlackLeggedBlackRobberFly.htm

      Reply • 07 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Yes David. If it is incorrect please let me know. Thanks.

        Reply • 07 Mar 2015

        • David Francis  Leuba, your observation is a perfect match to the photos on brisbaneinsects which I always accept as being correct. Great record and photos, by the way - first on ALA for Australia!

          Reply • 07 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you David. Andrenosoma queenslandi seems to be the accepted name on the Australian Faunal Directory which lists Laphria maura ( on Brisb. insects) as a synonym. I agree Mr Chew does a great job !

        Reply • 07 Mar 2015

  • Hydnum repandum Wood Hedgehog

    15 Jul 2014-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Pic 1 shows the underside of the cap of this thick white fungus. The fertile surface showed closely packed white "teeth" instead of gills or pores. The teeth were decurrent ( running down the stem) -pic 4. The young fruiting bodies were growing in a clump with some of their thick white stipes fused together. The caps were a pale orange, distorted by mutual pressure and showed in-rolled margins. The stem turned a beautiful orange when bruised or cut. Growing on a damp eucalyptus forest floor, among leaf and wood debris.


    Star     Comment    

    1. Chris Lindorff  Hi Leuba. Great to have a photo of this species. It is a Fungimap target species. I have now added the name to the NS database. Cheers.

      Reply • 06 Mar 2015

  • Periclystus circuiter

    05 Mar 2014Leuba Ridgway

    This fantastic antlion looked like many other things ( a piece of moulted reptilian skin, an abandoned cobweb with trapped insects and even dried-up bird dropping.) as it clung to a dried twig. Pic 4 is a dorsal view and Pic 5 from the underside showing a dark abdomen. The head, thorax and abdomen were dark with the last abdominal segments showing some yellow. Antennae were short with slightly curved tips. The spectacular wings looked like lace with dark patterns of black and brown. When in flight, the frames of the wings were hardly visible, showing flashes of dark spatters. Body length (including long fore-wings and antennae) would have been about 50 mm. Spotted on a dry Goodenia plant in a nature reserve ( Wick's)


    Star     Comment    

    1. Chris Lindorff  Hi Leuba. Periclystus circuiter has now been added, ready for you to assign to this amazing individual.

      Reply • 06 Mar 2015

    2. Martin Lagerwey  Its a great and terrible sight.

      Reply • 06 Mar 2015

  • Microtis arenaria Notched Onion-orchid

    30 Oct 2014-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Called the "Notched Onion-orchid" this orchid plant was about 50 cm high. I could see a single long sheath like leaf from the centre of which rose a slender green stem bearing a spike of flowers. The central sepal was hooded covering the petals. Lateral sepals curled backwards. The lip was bilobed with a slightly wavy margin. At first this plant looked like it had unopened buds- the flowers were so small and are not conspicuous. They are apparently scented ! Spotted in semi-shade.


    Star     Comment    

    1. Mark Ridgway  Sweet!

      Reply • 06 Mar 2015

  • Unidentified

    05 Mar 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    The main picture shows a dissected gall exposing larvae at various stages of development with pale pink segmented bodies and a few eggs (pic 4). The galls were about 3 to 4 mm wide, shiny and green with knobbly tips. They seemed to arise from tips of leaflets (pinnules) and involved most of the leaflet (pic 2). Several of these galls were seen on the pinnae. Pic 4 shows a developing gall on a leaflet. The larvae seemed to have segments differentiated into thoracic and abdominal segments and there appeared to be three pairs of legs (pic 6) suggesting that these were mature and close to pupation ?. I assume these are midge galls and would greatly appreciate confirmation. - ? Austroacacidiplosis botrycephalae Spotted on Black Wattle (Acacia mearnsii) in a nature reserve ( Glenfern Valley Bushland Reserve)


  • Opisthoscelis beardsleyi

    26 Sep 2014-37.9,145.2Leuba Ridgway

    These sub-conical galls with apical holes are female galls of a gall inducing scale insect. The female galls showed enlarged leaf glands. Some leaves also showed small cylindrical galls with apical openings- these were the males of the same species of scale insect (pic 3). Pic 2 shows galls of both sexes on the one leaf. The underside of the leaf showed slight discolouration and minimal waxy bloom (pic 4). Spotted on juvenile leaves of a eucalyptus tree (species unknown) in a nature reserve.


    Star     Comment    

    1. Chris Lindorff  Hi Leuba. I have added Opisthoscelis beardsleyi to the database. Very interesting information in your description. Thanks. Chris.

      Reply • 03 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you for the update and for your comments Chris.

        Reply • 04 Mar 2015

  • Eremococcus turbinata

    09 Apr 2013-38.0,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    A lobulated gall probably involving terminal leaf buds. the galls were green and red and glossy. they were small, about 5 to 7mm wide. A dissected dry gall ( pics 4 & 5) showed thickened concentric layers of tissue. There was no sign of any life inside the gall. Spotted on a prickly tea-tree (Leptospermum juniperinum). This gall is formed by a scale insect of the genus Eremococcus. My thanks to L.Cook for the ID.


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  Name added. (Hemiptera:Eriococcidae:Eremococcus turbinata)

      Reply • 03 Mar 2015

  • Unidentified

    09 Feb 2015-37.7,145.7Leuba Ridgway

    Mountain Hickory Wattle Leaf Gall Several leaves of this young acacia shrub had circular to oval patches of thickened, firm, raised growths with brown encrustation on their pale convex surfaces (pics 1 to 3). The growths were concave on the underside with a outer circle of similar brown crust (pic 4). These patches did not occur in any particular part of the leaf - some involved the mid vein and others anywhere on the leaf lamina. A dissection of one of these structures revealed just thick tough plant tissue. Spotted on young Mountain Hickory Wattle ( Acacia obliquinervia) shrubs on Mt Donna Buang (1250 masl) Architect of gall unknown.


  • Cornus capitata Himalayan Strawberry-tree

    02 Dec 2014-37.9,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    Beautiful, showy white flower heads on a medium-sized tree. the flower heads were on narrow upright stems bearing tight clusters of minute flowers with reduced petals ( pic 5). Each flower head had creamy white bracts - about 4 and sometimes 6. These bracts appeared green on younger flowerheads (pic 4) or tinged with pink (pic 3). Leaves had glossy upper surface. Spotted growing in a reserve in the Dandenong Ranges ( Wet Eucalyptus forest).


  • Culama suffusca

    20 Feb 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This handsome male cossid moth was grey with fine black lines on wings. Some parts of the wings were tinged with a pale brown.The tufted grey thorax had two bands of black. Legs had thick setae and tarsi were banded. Spotted under bright lights near a national park.


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  Culama suffusca is in the NS database. Nice photos!

      Reply • 22 Feb 2015

    2. Don Herbison-Evans  Have written a webpage including copies of your lovely photos: hope you approve:

      Reply • 26 Dec 2016

      • Leuba Ridgway  Don Herbison-Evans, I am honoured. Will have a look now and thank you so much.

        Reply • 06 Jan 2017

    3. Don Herbison-Evans  http://lepidoptera.butterflyhouse.com.au/coss/suffusca.html

      Reply • 26 Dec 2016

      • Leuba Ridgway  Wonderful - so proud to be included in your webpage. Thanks again

        Reply • 06 Jan 2017

    4. Mark Ridgway  Interesting comparison https://natureshare.org.au/observations/5a1e83e2ed2a89928e00015e?display=thumbnails

      Reply • 30 Nov 2017

  • Diamma bicolor Blue Ant

    14 Nov 2014-38.1,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This male "Blue Ant" wasp was of a moderate size-15 mm. It had black head, eyes, thorax and abdomen and short black antennae. The abdomen had 3 visible white markings on both dorsal and ventral aspects and perhaps a pair of small white patches at the waist. The anterior thoracic margin was also white. Wings were tinted and the leading edges appeared black and thickened. Femurs, tibiae and tarsi were brown. Spotted on tea-tree.


  • Septobasidium clelandii

    14 Nov 2014-38.1,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    A highly branched black clump of fruiting bodies arising from stem galls. They were about 5 to 12 mm long and stretching out like large magnetised iron-filings. Spotted arising from stem galls (seen as thickened split lumps) on branches of tea-tree shrubs (Leptospermum sp.) in a reserve - Royal Botanic Gardens in Cranbourne. This fungus ( basidiomycota) is a parasite on the female gall inducing Eriococcid insect Callococcus leptospermi. Photo and description of this specimen can also be seen on Bruce Fuhrer's " A field guide to Australian Fungi".


    Star     Comment    

    1. Mark Ridgway  In ALA this is still called 'Harpographium corynelioides' http://bie.ala.org.au/species/Harpographium+corynelioides#

      Reply • 17 Feb 2015

    2. David Francis  Found it on RBG Mel. - added Septobasidium clelandii (Synonym: Harpographium corynelioides)

      Reply • 17 Feb 2015

    3. Leuba Ridgway  Thank you David.

      Reply • 18 Feb 2015

  • Brachystomatidae spp.

    26 Oct 2014Leuba Ridgway

    This was a very active fly about 5 or 6 mm long. Head and thorax were black and the thorax showed two faint thin white lines. The head had two short pointed black antennae that were either held straight up like horns (Pic 1) or slicked back. A long proboscis was out lapping up the nectar on the flower disc (pic 1). The abdomen was a raspberry red with faint white lines. The last segment was black and the two anterior to this were white. Legs were black and long. The wings were tinted black but plain. Tony Daley's (Insects of Tasmania) comment on this spotting : "Comes remarkably close to the female of Hardy's (1934) Apalocnemis sanguineus (Qld). That species has the wing dark suffusion more restricted basally. He mentions at the end of that description "a closely allied species" collected from Ringwood (Vic) which has "the wings suffused intensely over a larger area". Hardy (1934) : http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/... Note that Hardy has that species in Empidinae but it is currently placed in Brachystomatidae."


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  Brachystomatidae spp. added.

      Reply • 17 Feb 2015

  • Ceratiomyxa fruiticulosa

    23 Jul 2014-37.9,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    Highly branched clumps of fruiting bodies of slime mold. The sporocarps, about 2 mm high, appeared to have a powdery surface which is presumably a phase that this slime mold undergoes. Seen on the underside of fallen twigs in a damp area - nature reserve.


  • Dasineura tomentosa

    03 Oct 2014-38.5,145.2Leuba Ridgway

    Looking very much like small Camellia flower buds, these pea-sized growths could easily be mistaken for flower buds on the tea tree. They were globose, had scaly bract like outer growth and layers of soft sheaths within. They did not appear to have stalks and were seen on branches between nodes. On cutting one of them open, I found at least two very small maggots at the base, not much over 1 mm in length. The inside of the gall was soft with white fibrous layers. Spotted on Coastal Tea Tree ( Leptospermum laevigatum)


  • Eurispa vittata

    14 Feb 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This slender leaf beetle was about 10 mm long. Ihad heavily pitted elytra with black, cream and purple stripes. The elytra appear to be drawn out into short spines at the apices. The black thorax had a median ridge. Segmented antennae and the legs were black. The beetle was resting with its body along the axis of the plant, the purplish stripes merging well with the plant. Spotted on cutting grass (Gahnia grandis)


  • Entometa apicalis

    08 Feb 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This downy caterpillar was about 25 mm long. It had a brown and cream blotchy appearance. First pictures displaying displeasure - raised and tucked in head to display black bands and erectile horns. After about 20 min. the caterpillar had descended the branch and was resting with its body totally camouflaged against the branch (pic 4). Spotted on young eucalyptus tree - nature reserve ( Wicks)


    Star     Comment    

    1. Chris Clarke  Wow - great camoflage, photography and description. Welcome to Natureshare.

      Reply • 16 Feb 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you for the welcome Chris and for your kind comments. So pleased to be part of Natureshare. System works very well.

        Reply • 17 Feb 2015

    2. Don Herbison-Evans  Hi Leuba, Do you know on what plant it was feeding? Don

      Reply • 03 Jan 2017

      • Leuba Ridgway  Don, This was most certainly on a young eucalypt but I am not sure of the species. This plant also had several limacodid cups - Doratifera vulnerans, if that helps. We saw several caterpillars earlier but the cups sadly are always raided.

        Reply • 06 Jan 2017