147 items (page 3 of 5) (100 per page)

  • Phaeographis mucronata

    16 May 2017-37.8,148.5Leuba Ridgway

    Small pale greyish-white plaques (photobiont) were seen on moist thick bark of a eucalypt. Each of these plaques had a scribbly lead-grey pattern. These long, branched reproductive parts (Lirellae) are the apothecia. Spotted on coastal banksia - Snowy River Estuary.


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    1. David Francis  Phaeographis mucronata added to db. ALA has Graphis mucronata as a syn. Your obs are always very enigmatic, Leuba!

      Reply • 25 May 2017

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you for adding the ID David. My obs are enigmatic you say.. I don't have fantastic photographic equipment so I am forced to take shots of things that will not fly or run away from me but more often than not these specimens have very interesting life cycles and associations. I take shots of anything unusual and then research it afterwards - it's been great learning & very interesting so far !

        Reply • 25 May 2017

  • Ramboldia laeta

    16 May 2017-37.8,148.5Leuba Ridgway

    Greyish white plaques with small brilliant red irregular convex discs which produce spores (apothecia). The apothecia were scattered on the grey crust. Spotted on a damp tree trunk - coastal /estuarine at the high tide mark.


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  • Collema spp.

    16 May 2017-37.8,148.5Leuba Ridgway

    Small patches of green slimy lichen with flat bluish-white apothecia on damp tree trunks. Spotted on coastal Banksia at high tide mark.


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  • Hericium coralloides Coral Tooth Fungus

    22 May 2017-37.9,145.5Leuba Ridgway

    This beautiful toothed coral fungus was seen in two clumps, a large one about 170 mm across and a smaller one within the tree hollow. The small clump was fresh, white and highly branched with multiple soft spines. The larger clump was slightly old, drier with stiffer spines. Spotted on a damp tree stump - Beech


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    1. David Francis  Hericium coralloides now in db.

      Reply • 25 May 2017

  • Anestia ombrophanes Clouded Footman Anestia ombrophanes Clouded Footman

    09 Apr 2017-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Three clouded footman males were seen fluttering around for awhile before settling on a door frame. On closer inspection I could see one of them was successful in finding and mating with a wingless female seen here as a furry white ovoid shape with thin black bands and pale orange spots along the sides. The males were of two sizes and had distinctly pectinated antennae. The mating male can be seen head pointing downwards. Beside the female was a hairy cocoon and an empty pupal case probably recently vacated by the female. Within the hairy cage was also small wrinkled piece of skin shed by the caterpillar before pupating. Pic 3 was taken 6 days later when two of the moths had flown away and the other was clear-off the female. The female had started laying eggs seen here as minute glistening orbs. The female had the same colours as seen on the caterpillar. Will wait to see what happens next.....


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    1. David Francis  What a fantastic series of observations and notes. It took me a while to see that there were three males and one female.

      Reply • 11 Apr 2017

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you David. I have three more to add to this series. Was exciting to follow their progression..

        Reply • 08 May 2017

    2. Leuba Ridgway  David, I edited this spotting, loaded 3 more photos and added to the Description. But it doesn't seem to have worked. I can't find the photos anywhere. Should I load them as a separate spotting and if yes, how do I link the two. Thanks

      Reply • 08 May 2017

      • David Francis  Hi Leuba, I'm not sure why it hasn't worked. I'll check with Rylie the NS programmer.

        Reply • 08 May 2017

      • David Francis  Leuba, I think there is a limit to the file size total per observation. You could upload the new photos as a separate observation and put links (copy and paste) into the description for each obs.

        Reply • 10 May 2017

    3. Leuba Ridgway  Thank you David. Will do.

      Reply • 11 May 2017

  • Papilio anactus Dainty Swallowtail Dingy Swallowtail

    22 Mar 2017-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This Chrysalis was seen about 12 days after the small early instar of this butterfly was seen. It was hard to differentiate between the pupa and plant stem as it looked very much in colour & form like a stem gall induced by a citrus gall wasp. One end of the 3 cm pupa was bifurcated.


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  • Papilio anactus Dainty Swallowtail Dingy Swallowtail

    09 Mar 2017-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Dainty Swallowtail Butterfly caterpillar - early instar


  • Nacoleia rhoeoalis

    16 Mar 2017-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This moth had a wing span of about 20 mm. Wings were greyish green with thin black wriggly lines and dark brown patches. each fore wing showed a small patch of white. Spotted under bright lights near a suburban garden. My thanks to Cathy Powers for the ID.


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    1. Cathy Powers  Nacoleia rhoeoalis species id suggested

      Reply • 16 Mar 2017

    2. Leuba Ridgway  Thank you so much Cathy.

      Reply • 18 Mar 2017

  • Pterohelaeus spp.

    16 Mar 2017-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This dusty blue beetle was about 13 mm long. The dorso-ventrally flattened body had a flange around both the thorax and elytra. Spotted under bright lights in a suburban garden on a very warm night. This could be P.peltatus but needs confirmation.


  • Unidentified

    11 Mar 2017-37.9,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    A small butterfly with fawn coloured wings with iridescent blue tones near the wing bases. The wings which looked fragile could have had a span of about 15 mm. Spotted flying close to the ground over open grass land. Also present were other blues like Zizina labradus. ( I believe this is Zizula hylax. Could someone confirm please. Thanks)


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    1. David Francis  Yes, it could be Z. hylax but I'd like to see the underside to be sure.

      Reply • 12 Mar 2017

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you for looking at this David. I do have a photo of the underside but it is very unclear. Will have another look and post it. thanks again.

        Reply • 15 Mar 2017

  • Syringoseca rhodoxantha

    01 Mar 2017-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    A small attractive red-orange moth with fine cream patterns. Wing span about 20 mm. Re-curved labial palps and long thin antennae.


  • Endoxyla spp.

    27 Jan 2017-37.3,144.0Leuba Ridgway

    This attractive Cossid moth would have been about 40 to 45 mm long. Has the distinct black upside down "V" pattern on the thorax seen in Endoxyla genus. Spotted unfurling its wings. I would greatly appreciate any assistance with an ID. Thanks.


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    1. Cathy Powers  Absolutely fantastic images. Not one I am familiar with but will chase some ID help.

      Reply • 05 Feb 2017

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you Cathy. I was hoping you'd have a look at it. This photo was taken by a friend who passed it on to me and gave me permission to use it. He saw it unfurling its wings - so a very fresh specimen !

        Reply • 05 Feb 2017

    2. Andrew Brown  Looks very similar to a moth I observed https://natureshare.org.au/observations/5870d111ed2a89f464000e70?collection_id=57e73515ed2a89450f00736c

      Reply • 05 Feb 2017

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thanks Andrew. I too think it's perhaps an Endoxyla moth. It does look a little like yours.

        Reply • 05 Feb 2017

    3. Cathy Powers  Endoxyla spp. species id suggested

      Reply • 06 Feb 2017

    4. Cathy Powers  Had Peter Marriott look at this and since the Cossidae group are in a big mess as far as ID of species is concerned, he recommended the best ID would be Endoxyla spp. Sometime down the track we may have these sorted out. Leuba, Peter agreed that the images were of a very newly emerged specimen!

      Reply • 06 Feb 2017

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you very much for your help Cathy and thanks also to Peter Mariott. My friend will be so pleased that his spotting has had expert input !

        Reply • 06 Feb 2017

  • Caulerpa cactoides

    26 Jan 2017-38.4,145.1Leuba Ridgway

    This green seaweed (Caulerpa cactoides) appeared in two forms, one as a cluster and the other as an elongated string of vesicles attached to flattened median segments. This variation in appearance is apparently due to wave action in different parts of the bay. Pic 2 shows some brown (root-like) rhizoids at the base of the seaweed. Spotted washed ashore at Westernport Bay -at low tide. Native to Australia.


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    1. Chris Clarke  Most interesting

      Reply • 26 Jan 2017

    2. David Francis  Caulerpa cactoides added. Good to have some seaweeds in NS

      Reply • 27 Jan 2017

    3. David Francis  Caulerpa cactoides species id suggested

      Reply • 01 Feb 2017

    4. Leuba Ridgway  Thank you for adding the ID David. I am sorry i could not get to it earlier.

      Reply • 04 Feb 2017

  • Maratus volans Gliding Spider Peacock Spider

    08 Nov 2016-38.0,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    This cute little jumping spider was about 5 mm long. The black cephalothorax had white and orange stripes in the anterior part and just white stripes in the posterior section. The abdomen had beautiful orange blue and green colours with iridescence. legs were covered with setae and the palps were fluffy with white setae. Spotted near a creek in dappled shade (Cardinia Reservoir Park)


  • Chaetophyes compacta Froghopper

    30 Nov 2016-38.1,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    A small female tube spittlebug resting on the tube created perhaps by its nymphs. The tube looked like a concrete horn with dried-up spittle along the tree branch at the opening of the tube. The female spittlebug has a green head and thorax with dark tinted wings. Spotted on a young eucalyptus tree in a botanical garden ( Cranbourne Gardens)


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  • Crucibulum laeve Common Bird?s Nest Common Birds Nest

    14 Aug 2016-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway


  • Cordyceps gunnii

    30 May 2016-37.9,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    Poking out of the ground to about 90 mm were a number of these black club-shaped fruiting bodies. Structurally they were differentiated into black clubs above and pale greenish yellow stems below. The older thicker clubs had white fluffy material on the dark clubs. Spotted under a mature Acacia tree. There were about 20 and all well separated. The white material on the fruiting bodies are thread-like spores. They break up into 3 -5 mm long part spores which penetrate the ground and infect caterpillars of moths which could be well below the surface, even up to 40 cms. The fungus consumes the soft tissue of the host and grows up wards to the ground surface were black fruiting bodies appear and thicken to maturity. Moth larvae of the genus Oxycanus ( Hepialidae) are said to be the common hosts to this fungus.


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  • Calosoma (Australodrepa) schayeri Green Carab Beetle

    25 Oct 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This 20 mm long beetle looked very different to other ground beetles because of its flattened body and a thorax that is notched both anteriorly and posteriorly. Elytra showed fine parallel ridges and had a metallic sheen which reflected purple and teal colours. Legs were long had short spines. These ground beetles are said to feed on caterpillars. They are strongly attracted to U-V emitting lights and can congregate in large numbers but do not stay in one place for long. They stay hidden during the day but are very active at night.


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    1. David Francis  Leuba, Calosoma (Australodrepa) schayeri is in the database. David

      Reply • 07 Apr 2016

  • Mictis profana Crusader Bug

    11 Mar 2016-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Pic 1 shows the 5th instar and Pic 2, the 3rd instar of the Crusader Bug. The younger nymph had yellow bands on his legs and a small yellow band on the antennal tips. The 5th instar shows a better developed pronotum and smart bolero-like yellow wing buds. The antennal tip were completely yellow and legs completely brown by this stage. Both were seen on the same young wattle plant.


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  • Lachnodius spp. Lobe-margin Felt Scale Insect

    17 Oct 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This female adult felt scale looked like a 5 mm long and wide, slightly raised peach-coloured patch on a leaf. The leaf surface surrounding it was damaged. faint body segments could be seen on the upper surface which had wispy white waxy secretions. The underside (pic 1) showed three pairs of legs, a slight depression between the first pair of legs ( ? mouth) and well defined abdominal segments. A pair of antennae were visible when the scale was turned over. Spotted on a eucalyptus tree in a reserve. Several leaves were affected by these scale but there was no more than one per leaf. My thanks to Dr Lyn Cook who identified this as Lobimago sp. , a Lobe-margin Felt Scale. Family: Eriococcidae Dr Cook writes " Was in genus Lachnodius but transferred to Lobimago by Hardy et al in 2011." . At present on ALA as Lachnodius.


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    1. David Francis  Lachnodius sp. added (Weird-looking creature!)

      Reply • 11 Feb 2016

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you David. I agree it is weird, especially the flesh colouring and the concept of having a mouth in its chest !!

        Reply • 13 Feb 2016

  • Pterohelaeus spp.

    31 Jan 2016-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    About 12 mm long this black beetle had broadly convex body with ridged elytra and a thin marginal flange. The pronotum showed broader flanges and thick lateral margins. Head and eyes were small. Antennae had beaded segments. Spotted on grass in a park.


  • Schedotrioza spp. Gall-insect Psyllid

    15 Jan 2016-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    These small dry star-bursts of psyllid galls looked like rusted metal flowers stuck to the upper surfaces of gum leaves. These eruptions looked a lot "neater" than some of the galls induced by these little hemipterans. Spotted on what looked like Silver-leaf Stringy Bark ( E.cinerea) in a reserve.


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    1. Reilly  Hi Leuba, I cannot say if it is correct id but I have added Schedotrioza

      Reply • 18 Jan 2016

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you Reilly. I am fairly certain that it is Schedotrioza genus. Not sure of the species.

        Reply • 18 Jan 2016

  • Villa spp.

    15 Jan 2016-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    These attractive beeflies were seen mating amongst leaf litter. There is clear distinction between the female and the male with the female having well separated eyes(Pic 3) and the male with large eyes together with only a thin line of separation (Pic 2). The male beefly has a single bright white spot at the base of each wing as seen in pic 2. The female has no such spots and (which is on the left-hand side) has brighter white abdominal bands and a pair of lateral tufts of white setae. Spotted in a nature reserve.


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    1. David Francis  Very useful to see the male and female together.

      Reply • 18 Jan 2016

      • Leuba Ridgway  I thought so too. I will post a pair of golden beeflies mating as well. The female was so much larger than the male. They are everywhere this season !

        Reply • 18 Jan 2016

  • Cryptophasa rubescens

    02 Jan 2016-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    About 20 mm long this moth had pale yellow wings with hints of copper. Wings were tented, giving the body a wedge shape. The head and anterior thorax were almost white and the paleness continued along the costa. Thoracic setae had dark tips. Feathery antennae stretched out and were almost two-thirds the body length.


  • Turneromyia spp. Zebra Spider Hunter Wasp Zebra Spider Wasp

    05 Jan 2016-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    A 20 mm black wasp with striking thin white markings on thorax and abdomen. Head and legs showed diffuse white patches. Legs showed short spikes and appeared unusually long and were held spread out around the body like a spider. Spotted making a burrow in soil beside a walking track.


  • Sandalodes superbus

    12 Dec 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Described as the largest and most robust of its species, this very dark male jumping spider was about 13 mm long. Fangs were large and above dark eyes was a furry brow. Palps were dark and long. Front legs were long and had faint white banding like the other legs. The abdomen had a thin white line along the anterior margin and a flattened "x" pattern in white. two pairs of white specks were seen in front of and posterior to the X mark. Spotted trying to catch a small fly in a local garden.


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    1. Chris Lindorff  Added. I love Salticids.

      Reply • 13 Dec 2015

  • Nisista serrata Serrated Crest-moth

    30 Oct 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    A beautiful brown moth with thin zig- zag lines on the fore wings and a wing span of 40mm. the trailing wing margins appear serrated. Spotted under bright lights near a national park ( Dandenong Ranges).


  • Aleucosia calophthalma

    23 Oct 2015-38.2,145.2Leuba Ridgway

    A medium-sized bee-fly with slender narrow wings that were mostly clear. The leading edges of the wings were dark with the inner margins being thrown into waves. The abdomen was longer than in most other bee-flies.


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    1. David Francis  Aleucosia calophthalma added. You have captured the intricate wing patterns very well, Leuba.

      Reply • 05 Dec 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you David. Gorgeous wing patterns, aren't they ?!

        Reply • 05 Dec 2015

  • Deinopis subrufa Common Netcasting Spider

    03 Dec 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    A net-casting spider with its blue rectangular net which was loosely slung from the front legs. The spider was prepared to get its meal at this stage. Pics 2 & 3 are of the spider at day time - it was magical to see the blue net which she would have made in the evening for some supper that night. Hoping I'd be able to get an action shot next time and a shot of those enormous eyes !


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    1. Suzanne Jones  Fantastic photo!

      Reply • 05 Dec 2015

    2. Gill Best  Wow! Amazing!

      Reply • 05 Dec 2015

    3. David Francis  Deinopis subrufa added. This is a fantastic series of photographs of a very interesting spider. The web/net looks to be fluorescent.

      Reply • 05 Dec 2015

    4. Leuba Ridgway  Thanks David, Gill & Suzanne . Very lucky that she was still there at night and had a web trap all ready for the evening. Hope she got something !

      Reply • 05 Dec 2015

    5. Reilly  very cool!

      Reply • 10 Dec 2015

  • Oreisplanus perornata Montane Sedge-skipper Mountain Painted Skipper Mountain Spotted Skipper

    22 Nov 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This dark attractive skipper had a wing span of 30 mm. The upper side of the fore wings had small rectangular patches of cream. The trailing margins also showed a narrow margin of broken cream patches. The upper side of each hind wing ( just visible) had a bright orange patch. As with most skippers, the thorax was covered with dense olive green setae. White spots were seen on a dark head.