137 items (page 4 of 5) (100 per page)

  • Therevidae spp. Stilletto Fly

    07 Oct 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    A vermiform larva about 20 mm long with pointy ends. The tail end appeared bifid. The white body had deep blue patterns. Spotted on dry soil in a garden. Did not appear to like sun light and actively dug through the dry dirt.


  • Puccinia oxalidis Oxalis Rust

    28 Sep 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Seen on Oxalis corymbosa.


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  Puccinia oxalidis added to db.

      Reply • 17 Feb 2016

  • Pterostylis pedunculata Maroonhood

    27 Sep 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Could not get a shot of leaves or whole plant. Spotted by a walking track -


  • Chiloglottis jeanesii Mountain Bird-orchid

    27 Sep 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    The flowers in this species were smaller and not as robust as in C. valida which has purplish flowers. The flowers had just a slight tinge of purple and the leaves, that were paired were all green and small. Flower buds (pic 3) were a pale green.


  • Amaurodon viridis

    25 Jun 2013-37.9,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    Small velvety patches and veins of crust fungus in beautiful shades of blue in a tree hollow. The surface was covered with beads of moisture. Spotted on a large eucalypt.


  • Pterostylis grandiflora Cobra Greenhood

    03 Aug 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    A small plant about 10 cm high with lance-shaped leaves. The flowers were attractive with the central sepal (green) and lateral petals (brown) fused to form a hood, rising up and over the labellum. The lateral sepals were fused at the base and rose up on either side to erect points. The inside of the hood showed broad white stripes (pic 5). The same colouring could be seen on the outer side of the flower (pic 3).


  • Poronia erici Small Dung Button

    26 Jul 2015-38.0,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Small ( 6mm wide) flat pale discs with tapering bases seen on herbivore dung pellet ( possibly Kangaroo) The pale surfaces had minute evenly spaced holes (ostioles) - some of them showed puckering around the edges. The discs had irregular margins. Spotted in a national park which is a free range for kangaroos, wallabies, wombats and rabbits. ( Churchill National Park) ( This is Poronia erici but there is no listing on ALA. Ref : Fuhrer 2005. Could this be added, please Thanks)


    Star     Comment    

    1. Chris Lindorff  Hi Leuba. I am also familiar with this fungi and have known it to be Poronia erici. However, I am having trouble now finding its reference in any of the censuses, etc. It has possibly had a name change, but this is normally easy enough to track also. The concern with simply adding Poronia erici in Natureshare is not knowing how the ALA will treat this record when it is uploaded into its database. If it is ignored due to no matching name with ALA, you record is less useful than if we can get a name that matches. I'll keep hunting for the name and ask Tom May for an update. Thanks. Chris.

      Reply • 27 Jul 2015

    2. Tom May  Poronia erici is certainly the correct identification and the current name (even though it is not in the ALA at present). There are some issues with the fungi names in the ALA and there are still many good names for fungi that are not loaded into the names list for the ALA (the National Species List). I am working with the ALA to improve the coverage of fungi names.

      Reply • 24 Aug 2015

      • Chris Lindorff  Many thanks for your reply Tom. I'll add this name to Natureshare.

        Reply • 25 Aug 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Many thanks Tom May for your input. Thanks to you also Chris.

        Reply • 25 Oct 2015

  • Geoglossum spp.

    26 Jul 2015-38.0,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Hardly visible on a bed of moss were these thin sculptured stalks with smooth club-shaped tips. The whole fruiting body was about 30 mm tall including the 15 mm club-shaped fertile tips. Spotted on moss beds along walking track - Churchill National Park . There were several of these in a moist patch of moss.


  • Amauroderma rude

    21 Jul 2015-37.6,145.9Leuba Ridgway

    The fruiting bodies of this very tough woody fungus looked like large rusty nails arising from the ground. The flattened caps ( upto 50 mm across) had concentric rings and were slightly puckered. The underside showed dark reddish brown pores - no white "bloom" as the cap were old. The stems were firm and slightly velvety in dry specimens. Some of the caps had incorporated grass blades ( pic 3). Spotted on a damp forest floor - mixed natives but mostly young mountain ash ( Eucalyptus regnens)


  • Galerina patagonica

    18 Jul 2015-38.0,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    Attractive clump of toffee coloured caps with slight convexity, a small discrete umbo and rolled in margins. Gills were a pale brown. these must have been covered by a thin cortina which could be seen tearing-off some of the younger caps (pic 3). The remnants of a brown spore-stained cortina could be seen as a wispy annulus around the stipe. The stipe below the annulus was a dark brown with white fibrils. Spotted groiwng as a clump on dead wood in a forest with mixed native trees.


  • Astraeus hygrometricus Barometer Earthstar

    16 Jul 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    These were large earthstars, about 45 mm across. They were fully open with split pale rays of areolated outer skins (exoperidia). In the centre was a smooth rounded spore sac with a central pore through which the spores are released. These earthstars were sessile . Spotted on moist ground under pine trees.


  • Hydnum repandum Wood Hedgehog

    11 Jul 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    With contorted pale orange caps about 25 mm, these fruiting bodies were growing close to the ground. The cap margins were mealy and white.The fertile under-surface had densely packed spines or teeth instead of pores and these were slightly decurrent (pic 2). The whote stipe were otherwise smooth. Spotted on sodden forest floor in a reserve.


  • Cladonia spp. Candelabra Lichen

    11 May 2015-38.0,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    A pale green-grey lichen with lobed leaf-like thalli and upright outgrowths (podetia). Some of the podetia had wide grey cups.


  • Laetiporus portentosus White Punk

    08 Jul 2015-37.8,145.5Leuba Ridgway

    A clump of contorted brackets forming a 360 mm wide mass that emerged from the trunk of a large living gum tree. The upper surface of the fruiting body was velvety and tan colour. The pale underside had minute pores (pic 3) which had a creamy covering. Some brackets showed a peeling layer (pic 4) which exposed the pore surface.


  • Russula kalimna

    11 May 2015-38.0,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    Caps were a bluish yellow with fine cracks with young ones rising out of the ground like pale purplish puff balls. Mature caps were about 55 mm wide with a central depression. Gills and stipe were cream coloured. The stocky fruiting body was quite close to the ground. The spore print was a pale cream (photo not good enough to post). Spotted in damp soil a eucalyptus forest.


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  Hi Leuba. Russula kalimna added. David

      Reply • 05 Jun 2015

  • Eolophus roseicapillus Galah

    02 Apr 2015Leuba Ridgway

    This large gum tree had a beautiful trunk and several hollows. A galah flew to one of the hollows ( pics 1 &2), entered it and came out again after a few minutes and had a good look around. It then flew to perch on a nearby branch (pic 4). Soon after a second bird came out for a few minutes and the two sat outside for awhile (pic 6) before flying away together. Spotted in a reserve near a creek.


  • Scioglyptis lyciaria

    08 Apr 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    An attractive grey-brown geometrid moth with fine brown and black lines and a wing span of about 50 mm. The wings had narrow black bands contrasting with flashes of white. The undersides of the wings were pale with a black mark on each wing. The dark submarginal areas on each wing was broken by a pale patch. Spotted in a suburban garden.


  • Heteronympha banksii banksii Banks' Brown

    08 Apr 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This attractive dark brown butterfly had a wing span of about 50 mm. Both fore and hind wings had bright yellow patterns much like the common brown, except only the hind wing had a distinct eye spot (on the upper side). This butterfly showed a long style-like yellow marking on the fore wing ( pic 1), which is a sex-brand and seen only in males. The underside of the fore wings showed a dark patch on a background of pale gold with a small eye spot at the apex. The hind wing had beautiful patches of purple with two small eye spots, one near the costal margin and the other near the trailing margin. Spotted on a grass verge in a nature reserve. It was flitting about landing one one clump of grass for a few seconds before going to another.


  • Tanyscelis maculata

    27 Feb 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    These are scale insect galls seen on the adaxial side of the leaf . The broad-based conical outgrowths are female galls. There were two of these, one at the base of the leaf base and another along the main vein. the gall was purplish and had a ring near the base. One of the galls showed two openings and the other a single smooth circular orifice. Also on the leaf surface were many upright tubular structures with apical openings with crenulated margins. These were male galls and they were tinged red. Spotted on a eucalyptus tree - ? species. Nature reserve. My thanks to Dr L.Cook for confirming genus and identifying the species.


    Star     Comment    

    1. Chris Lindorff  Hi Leuba. I've added this species name to the database and included Opisthoscelis maculata as a synonym. The ALA is yet to pick up on this new genus (published in 2010). Thanks. Chris.

      Reply • 02 Apr 2015

    2. Suzanne Jones  So unusual. Very interesting!

      Reply • 03 Apr 2015

  • Hyposoter spp.

    28 Mar 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Looking like a 5 mm piece of bird-dropping, this little black and white capsule is a cocoon of an ichneumon wasp. It was attached to the leaves on this young tree and wrapped around it was the skin of its larval host - a lepidopteran. Mimicking bird-dropping and wrapping the skin of the larval host over and around is, apparently, one of the many strategies employed by ichneumonids to escape attacks from hyperparasitoids. Spotted on a young black wattle (Acacia mearnsii) in a nature reserve.


    Star     Comment    

    1. Chris Lindorff  Hi Leuba. I have added Hyposoter spp. There are very few records of Hyposoter species on the ALA, so great find.

      Reply • 02 Apr 2015

  • Jalmenus evagoras evagoras Common Imperial Blue Imperial Hairstreak

    23 Mar 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This observation features just one tree which accommodated every stage of the life-cycle of the common imperial blue or imperial hairstreak butterfly. Pic 1 shows a male butterfly resting beside a pupa. Pic 2 shows a cluster of pale blue-grey eggs with fascinating spikey outer coverings (see reference link in notes). The caterpillar in pic 3 had small horn-like tubercles along the dorsal aspect of the body. Pic 4 shows a cluster of glossy dark pupae and pic 5 shows the exuviae. Pic 6 is that of an adult. Every stage of this butterfly was attended by hoards of ants (Iridomyrmex ). They were running around all over the tree , clustering in large numbers around the pupae. There were ants around the eggs and caterpillar. Another interesting feature was the fine webbing around the eggs and the pupae. Spotted on a black wattle tree (Acacia mearnsii) near wetlands at a retarding basin.


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  Leuba, What a wonderful natural history!

      Reply • 24 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you David. Amazed to see them all on the one tree. They seem to love that tree !

        Reply • 30 Mar 2015

  • Poranthera microphylla s.s. Small Poranthera

    02 Jan 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Herbaceous plant about 5 cm tall with erect stems bearing clusters of small white flowers. Leaves were elongated egg-shaped, some small and some large. The plant had bright green loculated fruit.


    Star     Comment    

    1. Leuba Ridgway  Thank you for editing the ID Russell. Not knowing which one to go for, I was hoping someone would correct me. Thanks again.

      Reply • 21 Mar 2015

  • Sericopimpla australis

    09 Feb 2015-37.9,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    This small wasp ( a case-moth larvae parasite wasp) was about 10 mm long and very active. The narrow abdomen had thin white bands and a moderate size ovipositor. Head, antennae and thorax were black. The hind legs had black and white markings while the other legs were a pale yellow. Spotted actively searching low plants (in this case the bumblebee weed) in a riparian area.


  • Linum trigynum French Flax

    02 Feb 2015-38.0,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    An erect plant about a foot high with thin dichotomous branches. The flowers were very small, about 5 mm wide with bright yellow petals. Leaves were small, lanceolate and some had indented margins. Spotted growing amongst other vegetation like dandelion, sorrel and grass by a walking track, in a national park. It was difficult to see this plant separate to the others growing in the area but the bright yellow flowers looked like little stars suspended amongst tall grass.


  • Anthrax dolabratus

    04 Mar 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    This beefly had a wingspan of about 15 mm. The basal part of the wings were black and this ended in a smooth wavy line. The rest of the wings were clear. Head, thorax and abdomen were black. The abdomen had a soft velvety look and was truncated with the rear end covered with pale setae. Spotted in a suburban garden.


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  Hi Leuba, Anthrax dolabratus added. An interesting species with its black and clear wings.

      Reply • 20 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you David. I think bee flies are so interesting.

        Reply • 21 Mar 2015

  • Maratus pavonis Peacock Jumping Spider Peacock Spider

    06 Nov 2014-38.0,145.4Leuba Ridgway

    This very attractive jumping spider was only about 6 mm long. It looked like two blobs of yellowish-orange but a closer look revealed a spider with a black cepahalothorax with an ochre colored anterior part and three thin white lines, one in the middle and two laterally placed. The abdomen had two bright orange "c"-shaped patterns facing each other with a central orange patch. All this on a background of very pale teal. The third pair of legs seemed to have dense white setae on the tarsi. The four eyes in the front were a deep green. The palps were white. Spotted on black wattle in a reservoir park.


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  A stunning little spider we all hope to see. Not easy to photograph as it is so small. You did well to capture it from all angles.

      Reply • 14 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you David. I did not know he was so special until I had a look at the photos later and heard by husband (Mark's) groan of envy ! You are right about being difficult to capture - very active and wary.

        Reply • 15 Mar 2015

  • Servaea incana

    09 Mar 2015-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    A very hairy but attractive jumping spider about 100 mm long. The dorsal aspect of the abdomen had reddish brown pattern with an inverted "Y" in black. Legs were hairy and banded. Spotted on a eucalyptus tree trunk in a park.


    Star     Comment    

    1. Suzanne Jones  Hi Leuba. Just wondered if you think this observation is also of Servaea incana - http://natureshare.org.au/observations/540aa1e9e35eb1ebc90000b1?collection_id=5409a9d0e35eb1831b000095

      Reply • 10 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  It has all the features of S.incana - Yes, I believe it is. My husband (Mark) agrees as well.

        Reply • 10 Mar 2015

        • Suzanne Jones  Thanks Leuba and Mark. I will add the name to this observation as well.

          Reply • 11 Mar 2015

    2. Chris Lindorff  Hi Leuba. This name is now in the database. Cheers.

      Reply • 10 Mar 2015

  • Hypolaena fastigiata Tassel Rope-rush

    14 Nov 2014-38.1,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    The female of a "Tassel Rope-rush" plant. Wiry tough clumps of blue green stems that were mostly prostrate with some branches standing erect up to about 50 cm. no leaves were seen but the branches had nodes with brownish bracts. Terminal flower heads seemed to have what looked like layered bracts with narrow brown flowers. Male plants nearby.


  • Hypolaena fastigiata Tassel Rope-rush

    14 Nov 2014-38.1,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Commonly called "Tassel Rope-rush", this plant was growing in a clump and would have been about a foot tall stretched out. The clumps formed mats of wiry branclets that were thick and striated (pic 2). At the nodes were what looked like brown leafy bracts. The attractive branched inflorescence looked like clumps of bracts that were coppery, plump and ovoid. There were no sign of "normal" leaves. Several plants growing together gave the appearance of a tangled mat. These plants are Dioecious and this one had male flowers. Spotted in a sclerophyll bush - part of the Cranbourne Botanical Gardens. Soil might have been a little sandy.


    Star     Comment    

    1. David Francis  Hi Leuba, Hypolaena grandiuscula is native to WA. Is it Hypolaena fastigiata - the only Victorian species? (already in the database)

      Reply • 08 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thanks David. H.fastigiata is what I had it as, at first. Thought I was wrong and changed it. Thanks so much for the info.

        Reply • 08 Mar 2015

  • Thelymitra ixioides s.l. Spotted Sun-orchid

    30 Oct 2014-37.9,145.3Leuba Ridgway

    Tall plant with beautiful blue flowers with purplish tinge ot the outer surface of sepals. Yellow pollinia was visible at the tip of the column. Stigmatic surface showed a dense tuft of white hairs. Leaves were erect and narrow ( not seen here). Spotted in semi-shade in a reserve with eucalypts and natives - dry sclerophyll forest. The flowers bloom in October and November.


    Star     Comment    

    1. Chris Lindorff  Hi Leuba. This species is not part of the pauciflora complex, but rather appears to be T. ixioides or possibly the hybrid named T. truncata.

      Reply • 07 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you for the information Chris. I have spotted T.ixioides in the same area but it had dark spots. Is this a variant / or should I leave it at the genus level? Please advise. Thanks again.

        Reply • 07 Mar 2015

    2. Chris Lindorff  It can be variably spotted or even spotless. The character to concentrate on is the column, whereby here the column mid lobe has numerous sausage like glands. Hybrids of ixioides make it hard sometimes. With this one, I would go with ixioides. There a faint spots which are never present in pauciflora or nuda groups. Cheers.

      Reply • 07 Mar 2015

      • Leuba Ridgway  Thank you for the clarification Chris. I see some faint spots on at least one petal !!

        Reply • 08 Mar 2015