Poking out of the ground to about 90 mm were a number of these black club-shaped fruiting bodies. Structurally they were differentiated into black clubs above and pale greenish yellow stems below. The older thicker clubs had white fluffy material on the dark clubs.
Spotted under a mature Acacia tree. There were about 20 and all well separated.
The white material on the fruiting bodies are thread-like spores. They break up into 3 -5 mm long part spores which penetrate the ground and infect caterpillars of moths which could be well below the surface, even up to 40 cms. The fungus consumes the soft tissue of the host and grows up wards to the ground surface were black fruiting bodies appear and thicken to maturity. Moth larvae of the genus Oxycanus ( Hepialidae) are said to be the common hosts to this fungus.
Found in very dry conditions in very deep Pinus radiata needles under an old tree. This species reappears here for the past 4 years and is usually much larger (dryness?) This cap was about 200mm across. Top is like crushed velvet.
Small ( 6mm wide) flat pale discs with tapering bases seen on herbivore dung pellet ( possibly Kangaroo) The pale surfaces had minute evenly spaced holes (ostioles) - some of them showed puckering around the edges. The discs had irregular margins.
Spotted in a national park which is a free range for kangaroos, wallabies, wombats and rabbits. ( Churchill National Park)
( This is Poronia erici but there is no listing on ALA. Ref : Fuhrer 2005. Could this be added, please Thanks)
Hardly visible on a bed of moss were these thin sculptured stalks with smooth club-shaped tips. The whole fruiting body was about 30 mm tall including the 15 mm club-shaped fertile tips.
Spotted on moss beds along walking track - Churchill National Park . There were several of these in a moist patch of moss.
Attractive clump of toffee coloured caps with slight convexity, a small discrete umbo and rolled in margins. Gills were a pale brown. these must have been covered by a thin cortina which could be seen tearing-off some of the younger caps (pic 3). The remnants of a brown spore-stained cortina could be seen as a wispy annulus around the stipe. The stipe below the annulus was a dark brown with white fibrils.
Spotted groiwng as a clump on dead wood in a forest with mixed native trees.
These were large earthstars, about 45 mm across. They were fully open with split pale rays of areolated outer skins (exoperidia). In the centre was a smooth rounded spore sac with a central pore through which the spores are released. These earthstars were sessile .
Spotted on moist ground under pine trees.
With contorted pale orange caps about 25 mm, these fruiting bodies were growing close to the ground. The cap margins were mealy and white.The fertile under-surface had densely packed spines or teeth instead of pores and these were slightly decurrent (pic 2). The whote stipe were otherwise smooth.
Spotted on sodden forest floor in a reserve.
Caps were a bluish yellow with fine cracks with young ones rising out of the ground like pale purplish puff balls. Mature caps were about 55 mm wide with a central depression. Gills and stipe were cream coloured. The stocky fruiting body was quite close to the ground. The spore print was a pale cream (photo not good enough to post).
Spotted in damp soil a eucalyptus forest.
Pic 1 shows the underside of the cap of this thick white fungus. The fertile surface showed closely packed white "teeth" instead of gills or pores. The teeth were decurrent ( running down the stem) -pic 4. The young fruiting bodies were growing in a clump with some of their thick white stipes fused together. The caps were a pale orange, distorted by mutual pressure and showed in-rolled margins. The stem turned a beautiful orange when bruised or cut.
Growing on a damp eucalyptus forest floor, among leaf and wood debris.
Pics taken 2 weeks apart. The underside changed from a pale, poreless creamy colour to a very rich yellow colour, and the tops went from yellow to quite dark brown. On the shaded underside of an old, damp eucalyptus log.
Wicks nature reserve.
Sometimes called 'Hairy Curtain Crust'
Brackets of up to 30mm wide. Very distinctive yellow gills with much crossing, meandering and very much darker towards the centre. Thin and leathery caps with a very dull ochre top. Caps seem to curl into wavy shapes as they get older.
These numbered about a dozen in a line on the side of a huge Pinus radiata log with Wicks nature reserve. These logs were placed in the area for landscaping purposes.
ID as in Fuhrer (2005) #281
Rarely found yet in Australia? and seemingly uncommon elsewhere. The best reference images I can find are with Renée Lebeuf from Quebec.
(need to add ' Pseudomerulius curtisii ')
A coprophilic fungi At this time of the year macrofungi are scarce. These appeared to be growing from roo scats. Approxiamtely 60mm tall. Wiry stipes matte finish on top and dry.
dark spores.. no sign of a ring... striated stipe just below the cap with a slight spiral?
In new grasses. open dry sclerophyll eucy forest in a local nature reserve. Police paddocks.
About 15mm wide. Solitary cap next to a very damp log. Glutinous. Attractive colouring black at the centre graduating to a pale caramel at the margin.
In a very damp dark part of a local nature reserve.
Patches of lemon yellow tissue about 1-2mm thick, on bare, dead, barkless nothofagus trunk. Tiny dark spots (ostioles) from which ascospores are released.
In a tall rain forest national park.
This was previously called H sulphurea, the northern hemisphere version but recent work has proven it to be a different species. A wood-rotting ascomycete, which might also colonize some other fungi.
From above they look like little brains attached to a thin stick. From below they reveal a crazy maze of crossed and meandering gills. The largest of the group was about 40mm wide and there were about a dozen caps in total.
Very tall damp eucalyptus rain forest in Dandenong Ranges NP.
(need to add ' Campanella junghahnii ')
In moss and growing to about 30mm tall and 18mm wide. Radial texture with a relatively deep central depression on the cap. Very sparse and simple gills same colour as cap. Mycelia showing at the foot.
Next to a walking track in a nature reserve. Cardinia.
"It is thought by some mycologists that it is likely Omphalina chromacea may be the fungal component of a lichen (a symbiosis between an alga and a fungus). The alga is most likely Coccomyxa." Australian Fungi Blogspot
Many of these were seen today in an area with moisture and a lot of half buried timber. Most were about 60mm wide and 50mm tall.
In a local national park near a flowing creek with many broken trees. A famous springtime fungus.
Smooth caps with colour varying from pale greenish yellow at the margin to dark blue-green in the centres. Caps are rounded to flat domes approximately 60mm wide. Stipe is scaly pale yellow. Same colour for the gills.
Under an open mixture of eucalyptus and pines with dense buffalo grass.